Course Blog

The Second Skin: future clothing manufacture system


We all have different health need, some of us are allergic to specific things, some are very easy to accidentally hurt themselves. It’s hard to cover so many circumstances but with the help of future technology, this is possible.Let’s talk about the future cloth manufacture, we all know the technology developed pretty quickly and maybe in the near future 3D printer will become daily necessities for numerous households. We also know the number of people who want to dress up in their own ways is increasing.So we want to bring forward a blueprint of how people design their own clothes in the future.  Our project is called the Second Skin which named from its functionality.



Second skin is produced by a home 3D printer, it mainly formed by two layers: bioplastic and synthetic microvascular networks. Bioplastic are very steady and easy to decompose. if the owner threw it away, the material can be break down into the group and it is quite environment friendly as well. The synthetic microvascular networks are tubes built by 3D printer and help the protein that inside it reach every corner of the cloth. This function is inspired by human microvascular networks (great nature invention).

The 3D print manufacture system has two parts, a 3D printer and a bio wardrobe, the bio wardrobe is for import the protein into the networks or feed the protein.


The reason we use microvascular networks is because we need the protein to react quickly and it’s also prevent the protein get wash away when people clean the clothes. The protein can’t live forever so it’s necessary to put new protein to replace the old one regularly, the new one will eat the old protein as food. New protein will soon become dominant through traveling inside the tube (microvascular networks). The tubes also have small holes on it which allows sugar from human sweat to get in and activate the protein inside it.One of Second skin function is self-healing: Once the fabric broken, the Squid Ring Teeth Proteins (SRT) will react with the agar and started to heal itself which will combine the broken fabric together.


  1. Öner, E. T., Hernández, L., & Combie, J. (2016). Review of lev. an polysaccharide: from a century of past experiences to future prospects. Biotechnology advances,34(5), 827-844.
  3. Self-Healing Textile: Enzyme Encapsulated Layer-by-Layer Structural Proteins,David Gaddes, Huihun Jung, Abdon Pena-Francesch,,Genevieve Dion, Srinivas Tadigadapa, Walter J. Dressick and Melik C. Demirel
  10. Self-healing Materials: Fundamentals, Design Strategies, and Applications Swapan Kumar Ghosh